Thoughts on the research and construction of China

2022-08-09
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Thoughts on the research and construction of China's emergency logistics system

emergency logistics, like ordinary logistics, is composed of fluid, carrier, flow direction, flow, process, flow rate and other elements, with spatial utility, time utility and form and quality utility. Ordinary logistics not only emphasizes the efficiency of logistics, but also emphasizes the benefits of logistics. In many cases, emergency logistics achieves its logistics benefits through logistics efficiency. The construction of emergency logistics system can be started from the aspects of information flow, capital flow, logistics and workflow

at the beginning of 2008, China suffered the worst ice and snow disaster in a century. This emergency action against ice and snow attracted great attention from all walks of life. In order to explore the experience and lessons of this battle, the emergency logistics professional committee of the China Federation of logistics and procurement invited more than 20 people from relevant national management departments, logistics industry associations, military representatives, scholars, senior experts in the industry, and senior executives of relevant enterprises, The "2008 China emergency logistics high level seminar" was held at the conference center of Beijing University of science and technology on March 18, 2008. The experts discussed the development of emergency logistics, further recognized the importance and urgency of accelerating the comprehensive construction of emergency logistics, and offered suggestions and suggestions on the construction and development of emergency logistics at present and in the future. It is revealed that the views of this seminar will be sorted out and reported to the relevant government departments. This symposium is a milestone meeting for the development of emergency logistics, which marks the beginning of a new phase in the development of emergency logistics

emergency logistics after the snow disaster has become a hot topic. This magazine specially invited Professor Li Pengwei, a famous logistics expert who participated in the 2008 China emergency logistics high level seminar, to talk about his thoughts on the research and construction of China's emergency logistics system

first, the snow disaster has irresistible factors. This snow disaster has a great impact, which not only brings losses to logistics enterprises, but also exposes the weaknesses of China's logistics industry, so that the majority of China's logistics industry has learned a lesson from this snow disaster, but the most important thing is whether we can learn from it and boost the development of emergency logistics in the future

during the Spring Festival transportation this year, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Jiangxi, Henan, Hunan, Hubei, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou and other provinces (regions) continued to snowfall. The intensity of this large-scale and long-term low-temperature rain and snow freezing disaster has reached the once-in-a-century snow disaster. The above-mentioned areas have been extensively affected, and the severe weather has caused train outages, highway closures, aircraft outages, and damage to communication equipment, which has seriously affected the transportation, communications, electricity, and people's lives in most parts of central and southern China

the logistics industry is one of the industries most affected this time. A large number of logistics enterprises are in a dilemma due to the massive detention of goods, which brings huge losses to enterprises. Due to the wide scope, long time and great impact of this blizzard, the normal operation of many logistics enterprises was seriously affected. The snow disaster caused many transportation vehicles to be trapped on the road, such as 20000, 30000 and 40000 vehicles blocked in the Guangdong, Hunan, Guangxi Expressway and other sections. The main impact on logistics enterprises was that the goods were trapped and blocked. At that time, they were sent from Guangdong to Hunan, Guizhou, Jiangxi The basic interruption of freight logistics in Hubei and other severely affected provinces directly led to a substantial increase in the cost of logistics enterprises

China has suffered the worst ice and snow disaster in a century. The humidity in the south is relatively high, and the temperature is between zero degrees Celsius and minus five degrees Celsius. It is very easy to freeze, and the rain and snow fall to the ground and form ice; Under the action of wind, the thickness of ice continues to increase. Rain and snow fall to the ground and become ice; The snow disaster is freezing, and the road is slippery, which leads to frequent traffic accidents of transportation vehicles. Under bad weather, the risk cost increases. Various costs were added together, so that many logistics enterprises mainly engaged in special line transportation completely stagnated at that time

the snow disaster in 2008, the low temperature, rain and snow freezing disaster in the South has caused 129 deaths and four missing, resulting in an area of 178 million mu of crops affected by the disaster; Direct- Economic losses of 151.6 and 500 million yuan; It can be seen that the snow disaster has a huge impact on China's economy

second, after experiencing this snow disaster, China's logistics enterprises have a deeper understanding of the urgent need to improve their ability to make progress

Chinese logistics enterprises should be deeply aware of the urgent need to improve their emergency response ability, response ability, cost control ability and risk resistance ability. For example, in terms of emergency response ability, logistics enterprises should strengthen the formulation of emergency response plans, have a set of crisis handling methods and mechanisms with stable loading speed, do well in emergency training at ordinary times, strengthen the construction of networks, have special talents to deal with emergency things, and reserve emergency supplies, such as anti slip chains, emergency lighting, on-board chargers, GPS satellite navigation system, VOIP networks, which strengthen the logistics enterprises' vehicle scheduling control, The interaction and linkage between logistics enterprises, drivers and shippers have been strengthened in order to make the fastest response in the earliest time

for example, the ability to control costs, adopt industry norms, and control the rise of freight unit price and vehicle price within a certain range, so as to stabilize the lives of the masses and social harmony and stability. The profitability of high-speed operation of enterprises has been improved, including the insurance of people, vehicles and goods, strengthening emergency response capabilities, preparedness awareness and measures, and improving the anti risk ability of logistics enterprises

III. emergency logistics is still a new concept in China, and the emergency logistics system in China is still far from perfect. In order to ensure social security and stability of public life, the construction of emergency logistics system is urgent

the basic concept of emergency logistics refers to special logistics activities aimed at providing emergency supplies for emergencies such as sudden natural disasters and sudden public health events, and aiming at maximizing time efficiency and minimizing disaster losses

like ordinary logistics, emergency logistics is composed of fluid, carrier, flow direction, flow, process, flow rate and other elements, with spatial utility, time utility and form and quality utility. Ordinary logistics not only emphasizes the efficiency of logistics, but also emphasizes the benefits of logistics. In many cases, emergency logistics achieves its logistics benefits through logistics efficiency. The construction content of the emergency logistics system can be started from the aspects of information flow, capital flow with a substantial increase of 111%, logistics and workflow

strengthen the theoretical and practical research on emergency logistics system. In order to minimize the losses caused by sudden natural disasters and public health events, it is urgent to study the theory and practice of emergency logistics system; Study the rapid, timely and effective response to emergencies, prevention, early warning, disaster resistance, disaster relief, security mechanism, scheme planning, operation management, implementation ways and successful cases. Theory first, prevention first, and make preparations for prevention in a disaster free year. In particular, if we can establish an effective prevention and emergency logistics mechanism for all possible natural disasters, we can resist all kinds of sudden natural disasters to the greatest extent, so that the economic and social development and the lives and property of the people can be effectively guaranteed for a long time

The construction and operation management of emergency logistics system should become an important part of the construction of logistics system in China. The construction of emergency logistics system includes the construction of emergency technology system, information system, storage facilities, professional transportation facilities, emergency command platform, etc. The establishment of emergency logistics system requires the establishment and improvement of logistics software and hardware infrastructure, laws and regulations as a guarantee. We should actively learn and summarize advanced experience and establish an efficient and fast emergency logistics system as soon as possible

IV. the logistics industry needs to learn from such a rare major meteorological disaster in history- After learning lessons, Professor Li Pengwei submitted special reports and suggestions to the small target emergency logistics professional committee set by Cui Lixin of China Federation of logistics and procurement and Guangdong Logistics Industry Association

the logistics industry needs to learn lessons, improve and establish China's emergency logistics linkage mechanism, which should be top-down, coordinated and coordinated by the logistics industry, and also have a set of emergency plans suitable for actual combat

to do in-depth research on the snow disaster, evaluate the significant impact on society and industry, summarize experiences and lessons, and compile textbooks, which is a good teaching and scientific material for the logistics industry, teaching units and research institutions

the price system in natural disasters should learn from the effective control of market prices. To further strengthen the construction of China's emergency logistics system, I think the most important thing at present is to strengthen the theoretical and practical research on the emergency logistics system and constantly improve the theory of emergency logistics system. We have begun to study this topic and are willing to exchange and further study with you

v. the "snow disaster" during the "Spring Festival transportation", especially the rapid and timely response of Guangzhou railway station to sudden natural disasters and public events, and the success of responding to sudden public events, has become the Enlightenment of the world's classic cases, which is of great significance to the research and construction of China's emergency logistics system

(I) modern society needs a strong "emergency" to ensure

1. Emergency management and emergency logistics are an important part of the national public security system, and modern society needs a strong "emergency" to ensure. Practice has proved that the "emergency" guarantee plays a decisive role in the disposal of major crises. If the "emergency" is done well, the loss and harm will be small; Therefore, it is necessary to nip in the bud, prepare theories, plans and resources, and ensure the stability of modern society and sustainable economic development

2. Principles for grasping the emergency logistics mechanism

first, the principle of putting human life above everything; Second, the principle of ensuring social stability; Third, the principle of rapid response and agile action; Fourth, strengthen the principle of unified command and coordination; Fifth, the principle of dynamic monitoring; Sixth, the principle of putting prevention first and taking precautions before they happen

3. Follow the concept of "human life is above everything"

this concept plays an important role in any emergency action; Is the fundamental factor of any emergency action; It is the key to affect any emergency action; It is the core to realize the efficient operation of any emergency action; It is the basis for successful response to any emergency action

(II). Control system in emergency logistics practice

according to the scientific principle, establish a comprehensive control system of starting point, line and area, and adopt the organic combination of sparse and dense, combined and separated measures. There are general strategies in emergency practice, and special "tactics" are implemented according to different actual changes to play an important role. It fully reflects the importance of synthetic warfare and coordination

(III). Emergency logistics organization and command

the emergency logistics command center is the center established to do a good job of security in the process of responding to public emergencies. It is a command organization with the nature of government work; The emergency logistics command center is a center with strong adaptability, pragmatism, high efficiency, high informatization and powerful functions; The emergency logistics command center is a team with multiple units participating in the work and realizing the efficient operation of emergency logistics, which has quick response, fast response, strong professionalism and strong support ability; Joint operations of various forces, close cooperation, concerted efforts and mobilization

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